• RSS Somali VOA

    • Ciidamada Puntland oo Qabsaday Qandala December 7, 2016
      Ciidamada Puntland ayaa maanta dib u qabsaday magaalada Qandala ee Gobolka Bari oo ay muddo ku dhow 40 malamood haysteen maleeshiyada taabcsan ururka Daacish.
    • Obama oo Jeediyey Khudbadda Amniga Qaranka December 7, 2016
      Madaxweynaha Mareykanka Barack Obama ayaa shaley jeediyey khudbadiisii ugu danbeysey ee ammaanka qaranka.
    • Somaliland: Shir Looga Hadlayo Doorashooyinka oo Furmay December 7, 2016
      Shir lagu lafa gurayo geedi socodka doorashooyinka Somaliland ayaa maanta ka furmay magaalada Hargeysa ee xarunta Somaliland.
    • Norway: Wiil Loo Qabtay Dilka 14 Jir Soomaali ah December 7, 2016
      Booliska dalka Norway ayaa sheegay in ay gacanta ku dhigeen wiil 15 sano jir ah oo labo maalmood ka hor dil u gaystay wiil Soomaaliyeed oo 14 sano jir ah oo lagu magacaabay Yacquub Cabdullahi Xasan.
    • Mareykanka oo Ka Digay u Safarka Ethiopia December 7, 2016
      Wasaaradda Arrimaha Dibedda Mareykanka ayaa sii wadda inay muwaadiniinteeda uga digto halista uga iman karta u safarka dalka Ethiopia.
    • Dhalinyaro Muqdisho ka Bilaabay Wacyigelinta Nabada December 7, 2016
      Ururka Dhalinyarada ee Dhaqdhaqaaqa Kacdoonka Qabyaalad diidka waa urur ay sameeyeen dhalinyaro Soomaaliyeed oo fadhigoodu yahay London, hase yeeshee tan iyo sanadki hore waxay howlo wacyi gelin dhinaa bulshada ah, gaar ahaan dhalinyarada ay ka wadeen qeybo badan oo ka mid ah Soomaaliya.
    • In ku Dhow 100 oo ku Dhimatay Dhulgariir ka Dhacay Indonesia December 7, 2016
      Tirada dhimashada dhulgariir xooggan oo aroornimadii arbacada ku dhuftay dalka Indonesia ayaa sare usii kaceysa.
    • ​Barnaamijka Dhaqanka iyo Hiddaha, Qeybta 348 December 7, 2016
      Barnaamijka Dhaqanka iyo Hiddaha ee toddobaadkani waxaa si aad uga barateenba soo jeedinaya Axmed Faarax Cali Idaajaa. Barnaamijka oo dhan hoosta ka dhageyso.  
    • Muqdisho: Doorashada Xidlhibaanada Waqooyi oo Billaabatay December 6, 2016
      Magaalada Muqdisho ayaa waxaa maanta ka bilaabatay doorashada xubnaha Aqalka Hoose ee xubnaha baarlamaanka Soomaaliya u matalaya gobollada Waqooyi.
    • Diyaarado Duqeeyey Qandala iyo Dagaal ka Dhacay December 6, 2016
      Wararka ka imanaya Maamul Goboleedka Puntland ayaa sheegaya in hawlgal milatari uu xalay ka dhacay meel 34 km jirta magaalada Qandala oo lagu magacaabo Madlaxo, sida ay noo sheegeen ilo wareedyo dhinaca amniga ah.
    • Iska Horimaad ka Dhacay Jubbada Hoose December 6, 2016
      Iska horimaad ayaa maanta ka dhacay deganaka Haawina oo u dhexeeya Dhoobley iyo Qooqaani ee Gobolka Jubbada Hoose.  Iska horimaadka ayaa dhacay markii maleeshiyada ururka Al-Shabab ay weerar kedis ah ku qaadeen kolonyo baabuur milatari ah oo ay leeyihiin ciidamada Kenya oo saad u siday dhinaca magaalada Dhoobley. Baabuur ay leeyihiin ciidamada milatariga Ken […]
    • Dowladda Somalia oo Ganaaxday Markab Kalluumeysi December 6, 2016
      Wasiir Ku xigeenka Kaluumaysiga Soomaaliya Saciid Jaamac Maxamed ayaa sheegay in markabkan uu yahay mid ay u diideen ruqsadda kalluumeysiga balse sameystay warqado been abuur ah.
    • Liiska Xildhibaanada Lagu Soo Doortay Baydhaba December 6, 2016
      Maamulka Koonfur Galbeed ee Soomaaliya ayaa noqday maamulkii labaad ee soo geba gebeeya doorashada xildhibaanada cusub ee Aqalka Hoose ee baaralamaanka Soomaaliya.
    • Trump oo Magacaabaya Xoghayaha Difaaca December 6, 2016
      Madaxweynaha la doortay ee Mareykanka Donald Trump ayaa la filayaa inuu maanta si rasmi ah ugu dhowaaqo xoghayaha cusub ee gaashaandhigga Mareykanka, marka uu booqdo gobolka North Carolina.
    • Shirka Madasha oo Berri Loo Ballansan Yahay December 6, 2016
      Waxa beri oo Arbaca ah magaalada Muqdisho ka furmayo shirka madasha wada-tashiga qaran, kaas oo looga hadli doono arrimaha doorashooyinka Soomaaliya.
    • Qareenka Qoyska C/risaaq Cartan oo la Hadlay VOA December 5, 2016
      Kadib toddobaad ay aamusnaayeen qoyska Cabdirisaaq Cali Cartan oo ahaa wiil Soomaaliyeed oo la sheegay inuu weerar ka geystay jaamacadda Ohio State ee magaalada Columbus, ayaa waxaa markii ugu horeysay hadlay qareenka difaacaya qoyskan.
    • Ololaha Doorashada Madaxtinimada oo Xoogeystay December 5, 2016
      Ololaha doorashada madaxtinimada Soomaaliya ayaa xoogeystay, xilli doorashooyinka xildhibaanada Aqalka Hoose ee baarlamanka oo ka socday dhowr magaalo oo dalka ka mid ah ay marayaan heer gebo gebo ah.
    • Isbitaalkii Ugu Horeeyey oo Laga Hirgeliyey Maxaas December 5, 2016
      Degmada Maxaas ee Gobolka Hiiraan ayaa markii ugu horraysay laga hirgeliyey cibsitaal adeegyada caaifmaad u fidiya dadka halkaas ku nool.
    • Dagaallo Goosgoos ah oo ka Socda Qandala December 5, 2016
      Iska horimaadyo goosgoos ah ayaa weli ku dhex maraya ciidamada Puntland iyo maleeshiyada taabcsan Daacish dhulka buuralayda ah ee Koonfur kaga toosan magaalada Qandala.
    • Madaxweyne Xasan oo Tagey Kismaayo December 5, 2016
      Warbaahinta dawladda ayaa sheegtay in madaxweynaha uu magaalada Kismaayo kula kulmayo mas'uuliyiinta gobolka iyo xildhibaannada cusub ee baarlamaanka Soomaaliya.
  • Soo Raac

  • Sawiro Xusuus Leh

    More Photos
  • Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

    Join 45 other followers

  • your IP adress

    IP address
  • Archives

Somalia’s al-Shabab faces first serious threat after pro-government offensive makes gains


al-shabaab-234NAIROBI, Kenya — Somalia’s Most dangerous Islamist group is

 

 

 

Facing its first serious threat in years following an offensive by

 

 

 

Pro-government forces, officials And observers say. Al-Shabab

 

 

 

Has been beaten back from areas of the capital, Mogadishu, and in regions of southern Somalia. The battlefield defeats are its first major setbacks since it overtook large portions of Mogadishu two years ago.


Since then, the group has appeared to entrench its position in Somalia, enforcing Sharia law, setting up courts and ordering punishments.

 

The group also claimed responsibility for a double suicide bombing in Uganda last year that killed 76 people during the World Cup final.

 

But experts say the group is not as strong as it may appear.

 

“Al-Shabab is not that strong. It is divided internally, brutal and ham-handed, deeply unpopular among the people under its control,

 

and not providing anything to Somalis in terms of vision, services, or security,” said Jennifer Cooke, director of the Africa program for the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies.

 

African Union troops, Somali government forces, and a clan-based militia launched the offensive in Mogadishu and across the south and central regions in February. The government says its forces have made “remarkable military advances,” including destroying al-Shabab’s front line and retaking key positions in the capital.

Though the pro-government forces have the momentum, some analysts don’t consider the quick gains to be long-lasting wins.

Roland Marchal, a Somalia expert at the Center for International Studies and Research in Paris, points to the fact that the forces that routed al-Shabab from the border town of Belet Hawo and most of Somalia’s southern Gedo region are not government troops but militia members.

“There is no way al-Shabab could be defeated this way. They’re weakened, yes. But you need the vacuum created by military victories to be taken by new legitimate political authorities, and we have a long way to go to reach that point,” said Marchal.

Sheik Ali Mohamud Rage, al-Shabab’s spokesman, blamed his group’s recent failures on Ethiopia, a common strategy used by militants to drum up nationalistic support. Ethiopia supports militiamen who oppose al-Shabab and its forces have fought alongside pro-government militias to prevent al-Shabab from establishing permanent bases near its borders.

Like the Taliban in Afghanistan or militants in Iraq, members of al-Shabab don’t wear uniforms and can easily put down their weapons and blend in with villagers when threatened, one reason no one knows if the recent military gains will last or if the insurgents are biding their time before regrouping.

A website that claims support for al-Shabab — Somalimemo.net — last month published a detailed military strategy aimed at helping militants pull off gains without suffering losses.

The five-page plan urges fighters to divide into units and “not to engage in a face-to-face battle — only hit-and-run attacks — to preserve energy.” It also counseled fighters to carry out ambushes along main roads and in towns.

“There is no doubt that those small units will have a major effect on the power and morale of enemy troops on the front lines, something that will stop them from continuing their advance,” the document continued.

Analysts have long argued that al-Shabab lacks the popular support that would allow it a long existence as al-Qaida’s representative in East Africa. The militants also lack a reliable supply chain that could help fighters repel a sustained offensive on multiple fronts.

“Any organization that uses an ideology of fear cannot survive for long because the population will finally understand the hidden interests of its artificial war,” said Barigye Bahoku, the spokesman of the African Union peacekeepers in Mogadishu, adding that al-Shabab’s strength “is at best a myth and artificial at worst.”

The group’s fighters are estimated to number between 5,000 to 7,000 men, but analysts say only a few hundred of them — mostly foreign fighters from war zones in Iraq and Pakistan — are highly trained.

Al-Shabab may only appear strong because the Somali government, known as the Transitional Federal Government, is so weak. It relies on the 9,000-strong African Union force to prop it up.

Somalia has been mired in violence since 1991, when clan-based warlords toppled dictator Mohamed Siad Barre and then turned on each other.

“Without the presence of the African Union, the TFG would very likely have been overrun by now, and that reliance on external support has made the TFG leadership very complacent in building domestic legitimacy or alliances or giving Somalis any confidence in its ability to govern,” said Cooke.

Bahoku said Somalia’s government needs “political cohesion and unity of purpose” to build on the recent battleground gains.

The international community has always said that there is no military solution in Somalia. Rashid Abdi of the International Crisis Group said a military force is needed to knock out the hardcore fighters, but that moderate insurgents needed to be absorbed by a reconciliation process.

Former Islamists who fought Ethiopian forces from 2006 to 2007 say al-Shabab fighters have little chance to effectively regroup if they are overpowered this time around.

“If al-Shabab is defeated today no tears, even a crocodile one, will be shed for it. I’m sure majority of the population will shout ‘good riddance!’” said Abdifatah Hirsi Mohamed, who is part of a militia group trying to retake several southern regions, including the port city of Kismayo, from the militants.

buqaqable.net

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: