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UN Seeks $530 Million For Somalia ‘Catastrophe’ The Priority in 2011 is To ensure That Humanitarian Assistance Gets To Those Who Need it, Wherever They are," said Mark Bowden

bowden NAIROBI, Kenya – The United Nations said Wednesday it is




Seeking $530 million for aid projects in Somalia next year,




And it called the country’s 20 years of strife a  Catastrophe



That is “as urgent as ever.” The U.N. said the request is down 23 percent compared with the 2010 request. That drop is a result of a reassessment of food aid needs. But the U.N. said that despite fragile improvement in 2010 because of two good rainy seasons,

Somalia still has 2 million people in crisis, including nearly 1.5 million displaced people.Floods, drought and armed conflict disrupt access to health care, food, clean water and education,


the world body said in a statement released Wednesday. the priority in 2011 is to ensure that humanitarian assistance gets to those who need it, wherever they are,” said Mark Bowden,


The top U.N. humanitarian representative for Somalia. “Even with all the challenges of access and security in Somalia, we know it can be done because we managed in 2010.”

Somalia hasn’t had a fully functioning government since 1991 when warlords overthrew the president. Islamist militants have forced several international aid groups out south-central Somalia over the last year.


Nearly 2 million people in Somalia received food assistance during 2010, the U.N. said. Non-food items were provided for nearly 200,000 people displaced in the country.


Many internally displaced people and refugees who cross neighboring borders are fleeing fighting between Islamist militias and pro-government forces.


Kenya hosts hundreds of thousands of Somali refugees at the world’s largest refugee camp near the Kenya-Somali border. But Kenya has come under criticism in recent weeks for deporting refugees.


Kenyan authorities deported 140 Somalis from the coastal town of Mombasa last week, said Emmanuel Nyabera, a spokesman for the U.N.’s refugee agency.


On Monday, 130 people were dumped at the border town of Liboi from a refugee camp, and on Tuesday, around 140 people that were seeking refuge were denied permission to move away from the border, he said.

“It is a disturbing trend that we’ve raised with the government at the highest levels,” said Nyabera. The violence in their homeland means Somalis are automatically given refugee status.

Most of those deported were women and children who were dumped at the border by government vehicles and told to trudge back through the thorny scrub into war-ravaged Somalia, said Bashir Dedi, a town councilor in the border town of Liboi.

“These are the most vulnerable people,” he said. “It is really too sad.”

In early November the U.N. refugee agency appealed to Kenyan authorities to halt the return of Somali refugees from the border town of Mandera.


The U.N. agency said local authorities had ordered more than 8,000 Somali refugees — mostly women, children and the elderly — to cross back into Somalia despite what UNHCR said was “substantial risk.”


Associated Press reporter Katharine Houreld in Nairobi, Kenya contributed to this report


One Response

  1. Project summary
    Title: Home buildings
    Location: Baidoa district Bonkay Village
    Target population: 25 of the poorest families in
    Baidoa district Bonkay Village
    Implementing agency: Child Promotion and Center for Development (CPCD)
    Project duration: 4 months
    Project beneficiaries: 25 families
    Project purpose: Support the local community who are at risk of rain, cold
    And the heat of the sun

    Background information
    In the absence of central government and local authority long lasting civil war and drought in the region in the last 18 years to provide for the much needed social services to the area community, LNGOs with the support of the UN and international humanitarian agencies have been supplementing the same.

    Baidoa town is the regional capital of Bay region of southern Somalia and has estimated population of over 50,000 people. The majority of the community derives their livelihood from livestock rearing while others practice rain-fed subsistence farming beside with respect to security the region is relatively stable compared to other neighboring regions due to severe climatic conditions natural and man made climates coupled with state of anarchy following the protracted civil war the majority of the population are poverty ridden and depend on humanitarian agencies for food hand out and house buildings besides area residents have thus been dependent on those international and UN agencies for livelihood through employment.

    Mean while there is no functional central government very poor people those have lost their live stocks in the drought displaced from Mogadishu and other cities of the country are at risk of homeless, they are living around stagnant water places during the recent heavy rains it is there fore very important that immediate action is taken to build shelter for those people and improve the living environment residents those are at risk of being infected by malaria.

    Problem analyses and justification
    In the absence of central government and local authority in the region in the last 18 years of civil war to provide for the much needed social services to the area community, local NGOs with the support of the UN and international humanitarian agencies have been supplementing the same.

    Approximately two decades of civil war there were a wide range of displacement and internal displacement refugees leave from town to town and return to their original locations, when fighting escalates on their residence they use to live in this circle, in this regard a lot of IDPs accumulated in Baidoa for the past 18 years for the sake of its stability compared to other regions of the country.
    In this regard WFP through local NGOs have from time to time undertaken construction programmes involving hut building and latrines through food for work programmes how ever these activities were irregular and far from being adequate the last time such an activity were carried out was way back in 2001.

    Project objectives
    The main objective of this proposed project is to carry out home buildings and latrine programmes in Baidoa town Bonkay Village for a period of 4 months
    On the other hand secondary objectives of the project are to build homes for 25 families who are mainly poor and IDPs there by alleviating poverty and hence improving living standards of the beneficiary community.

    Project description
    The proposed project which is intended for Baidoa town shall entail the following
    a) Preparing or buying a large piece of land
    b) Cutting of the small grasses and shrubs those are in the compound
    c) Collecting of the building sticks and pillars from the forest
    d) Collecting soil to use for the building
    e) Buying all materials for building such as roofs, timbers and other small items
    f) Measuring 25 yards size (13m*6m2) and a room (4m*7.5m2) partitioned a wall resulting a small room measuring (4m*3.5m2) with its latrine (2.5m*2.5m2)

    Project beneficiaries
    Directly the project is expected to benefit 25 families and indirectly Baidoa community will benefit as a means of employment.

    Project implementation
    It is clear that the expected rain in the country will affect those people with homeless if no help is made available, thousands of young lives will be affected by malaria and other cold related diseases although they do not have a house to shelter, if these people are not made available for latrines there might be possible outbreak of diarrhea and parasitic related diseases, the project is proposed for a period of four months once the project is submitted and approved by the donor the following is the implementation schedule.

    a) Pre-implementation period
    In collaboration with area community and local authority, identify and agree on building sites
    Recruit 306 people (180 female and 126 male) as casual workers.
    Procurement of building tools.

    b) Implementation period
    Week 1 up to 2
     Land preparation
     Cutting the big and small trees
     General cleaning of the building site
     Filling of the potholes with gravel or hardcore and leveling
     Designing alleys between every set of 5 houses with

    Week 2 up to 4
     Measuring and dividing the pieces of land to make different yards
     Preparation of sticks and pillars
     Preparation and purchasing of building materials

    Week 4-7
     Building 25 houses including fences

    Week 7-15
     Roofing the rooms with iron sheets and timbers
     Setting up with windows and doors

    Week 15- 20
     Collecting the proper ground soil to apply the walls of the rooms
     Leveling indoors of each room
     General cleaning of all rooms

    Week 20-24
     Digging latrines in the yards of every house
     Building all the 25 latrines with walls
     Applying the walls with ground soil that is to mix the soil(wet mud)
    With cow dung
    Monitoring and evaluation
    Monitoring and evaluation during the project implementation period shall be the donors responsibility there fore the implementing agency shall submit reports let it be weekly, monthly interim or final as deemed fit by the donors or funding agencies the implementing agency undertakes to keep and up to date of records of the project activities and finance at all time for ease of monitoring and evaluation.
    Project coordinator and supervisors will coordinate the program and monitor the activities through visits, meeting and reports.

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